LATEST STORIES Nocturnal animal Mayweather visits strip club Hotdog’s Dennis Garcia dies Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Police seize P68-M worth of ‘shabu’ in Pasay Britain’s Prince Harry and Meghan Markle to give up royal titles OSG plea to revoke ABS-CBN franchise ‘a duplicitous move’ – Lacson National Historical team rescues Amorsolos, artifacts from Taal Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles02:11SEA GAMES 2019: PH’s Nesthy Petecio boxing featherweight final (HIGHLIGHTS)08:07Athletes treated to a spectacle as SEA Games 2019 officially ends06:27SEA Games 2019: No surprises as Gilas Pilipinas cruises to basketball gold05:02SEA Games 2019: Philippines clinches historic gold in women’s basketball05:21Drama in karate: Tsukii ‘very sad’ over coach’s bullying, cold shoulder03:24PH’s James Palicte boxing light welterweight final (HIGHLIGHTS) Bishop Baylon encourages faithful in Albay to help Taal evacuees Huynh Thi Ngoan led the still winless Vietnam (0-4) with nine points in the defeat.The Scores:PERLAS PILIPINAS 118 – Resultay 26, Dy 23, Pontejos 15, Castro 12, Animam 8, Almazan 6, Bernardino 6, Cabinbin 6, Tongco 6, Abaca 4, Sambile 4, Lim 2.VIETNAM 44 – Huynh 9, Trat 8, Nguyen TCT 7, Bui THT 4, Nguyen TLV 4, Nguyen TTD 4, Bui KN 2, Linh 2, Nguyen NB 2, Tran 2, Pham TDT 0, Pham TTB 0.Quarters: 20-21, 52-23, 86-33, 118-44.ADVERTISEMENT MOST READ View comments Search on for 5 Indonesians snatched anew in Lahad Datu FILE PHOTO from FIBA.comPerlas Pilipinas wrapped up its 2017 Southeast Asian Games campaign in style, decimating Vietnam, 118-44, Friday at MABA Stadium in Kuala Lumpur.The victory kept the Filipinos in the running for at least a bronze medal finish with their 4-2 card.ADVERTISEMENT What’s in store for your animal sign this year Marcosian mode: Duterte threatens to arrest water execs ‘one night’ Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Cindy Resultay caught fire and unfurled 26 points, eight steals, three rebounds, and three assists, while Raiza Rose Dy contributed 23 markers.Janine Pontejos came off the bench and added 15 points and four steals, while Claire Castro got 12.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSEnd of his agony? SC rules in favor of Espinosa, orders promoter heirs to pay boxing legendSPORTSRedemption is sweet for Ginebra, Scottie ThompsonSPORTSMayweather beats Pacquiao, Canelo for ‘Fighter of the Decade’Analyn Almazan controlled the boards with six markers and 12 rebounds.Perlas got it done on defense and outscored the Vietnamese, 32-2, in the second quarter to turn a 20-21 deficit into a 52-23 halftime edge which ballooned to the final spread of 74.
Saah Kandakai, a Liberian 13-year-old tennis gem residing in New Jersey, has qualified to be part of 100 tennis kids to compete for 10 slots for an exhibition show before USTA Open, from 25 August to September 8, 2014.Saah booked his qualification when he reached the grand finals of the United States Tennis Association (USTA) Sectional U-14 qualifiers, his father and former coach, Alfred Saah Kandakai said.Mr. Kandakai told the Daily Observer yesterday that Saah’s qualification is a debut appearance for a Liberian kid to reach the finals of the USTA Sectional U-14 qualifiers.Coach Kandakai said, “Saah is on the path to be scouted for a professional tennis career to fulfill his dream.”In March 2014, said reached the quarterfinals in his first Sectional Tennis Tournament in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in the United States.Prior to his sectional tennis debut, New Jersey.com said in March-2014, Saah participated in the National Junior Tennis & Learning of Trenton (NJTLT), sponsored by Noah Lilienthal, a 14-year-old tennis player.The website reported that Lilienthal expressed his willingness to help Saah, describing him as a friend.The NJ.com said: “With the help of NJTLT staff, he (Saah) is driven to a Princeton University clinic twice a week with Lilienthal and supplements that with the NJTLT’s Ashe program.”Saah, an eighth-grader at the St. Michael Catholic High School left for the USA on June 26, 2013 for tennis training at the Sanchez-Casal Academy in Naples, Florida through the help of the Mamba Point Hotel and the Oceano Casino.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)
GECOM chairmanshipOpposition Leader Bharrat Jagdeo said based on the outcome of the selection of a Chairman for the Guyana Elections Commission (GECOM), Guyanese will then be able to understand the Government’s true agenda.Jagdeo was at the time addressing a packed People’s Progressive Party (PPP) Public Forum at the Umana Yana on Friday night, where he warned that the citizens of Guyana should be aware of the possibility that the Administration could become “more repressive and return to their old ways” of rigging the elections, asOpposition Leader Bharrat Jagdeoseen in the matter of the selection of the new GECOM Chairman, which has morphed into a controversial issue.“This issue has caused a lot of trepidation in the lives of many Guyanese, (this) issue is a crossroad (issue and) how it is resolved will have a lasting impact,” the Opposition Leader said.He asserted that over the period that the APNU/AFC Government has been in power, a pattern has emerged; he called attention to the many cases where a lack of transparency has been the major issue.Jagdeo therefore urged all Guyanese, supporters and non-supporters, to take a position on the GECOM Chairman controversy, emphasising that it is a “vital issue that all Guyanese should get engaged in because of the influence this will have on our lives.”He reminded that if necessary, he would press for the issue to be taken to the Caribbean Court of Justice (CCJ).ClarificationThe Opposition Leader has described the President’s unwillingness to meet with him, as “laughable”.Earlier this month, Jagdeo had written to President David Granger requesting that he clarify his interpretation of what the qualifications of the GECOM Chair were, and to reconcile “any differences of opinion which may exist on this issue,” as it relates to appointing the new Chairman.Subsequently, a response was sent indicating that the matter will be dealt with at the level of an Attorney General, where the Legal Affairs Minister Basil Williams will meet with Jagdeo and an Attorney selected by the PPP.According to the former President, this action of Granger’s has caused many persons of the public to speculate that he [Granger] refuses to meet with Jagdeo either because he is “getting bad advice from an incompetent Attorney General” or that he aims to appoint someone of his choice that will help to rig the elections in favour of the APNU/AFC Government.“If the second interpretation is true then I can see why the President doesn’t want a meeting. No amount of legal arguments – as strong as they are – will change his opinion because he will not be swayed by legal arguments, because he is already hell-bent on getting his way. [However] There is hope if the first view is the relevant one.”However, the Opposition Leader said that he will be meeting with Attorney General Basil Williams to interpret the Constitution. “We will meet the Attorney General – that nightmare thing to do – but we will do it,” he stated.Interpretation of the ConstitutionAdditionally, Jagdeo expressed his interpretation of the Constitution, highlighting that history is on the PPP/C’s side, in reference to the fact that architectures of the Constitution – former Presidents Cheddi Jagan and Desmond Hoyte – abided by the same interpretation.The controversy on the matter revolves around the different interpretations of the Opposition Leader and the Government on Article 161(2) of the Guyana Constitution on the appointment of a new GECOM Chairman.The relevant section of the Constitution states, “The Chairman of the Elections Commission shall be a person who holds or who has held office as a judge of a court having unlimited jurisdiction in civil and criminal matters in some part of the Commonwealth or a court having jurisdiction in appeals from any such court or who is qualified to be appointed as any such judge, or any other fit and proper person, to be appointed by the President from a list of six persons, not unacceptable to the President, submitted by the Leader of the Opposition after meaningful consultation with the non-governmental political parties represented in the National Assembly.”The Opposition’s understanding conforms to the updated Constitution, which incorporates the Carter Formula to have a democratic process for the appointment of a chairman.The Carter Formula is designed and intended to achieve consensus between Government and the Opposition regarding the appointment of GECOM’s Chairman.GECOM’s composition was also designed to achieve a certain degree of equilibrium, hence three nominees from the governing party and three from the Opposition, with the Chairman holding a balance of power with a casting vote.Granger’s interpretation on the other hand, seems to reflect the old 1980 Constitution, commonly known as the “Burnham Constitution”, which limits the pool of persons to be appointed to GECOM’s helm to only judges or those eligible to be a judge. This version of the Constitution also gives the President the power to unilaterally appoint a GECOM Chairman.Attorney General Basil Williams and Vice President Khemraj Ramjattan had both signalled Government’s intention to activate a clause in the Constitution to allow the President to unilaterally appoint a GECOM Chair. Such a move would be dangerous as it alters the democratic process regarding the appointment of a person to be tasked with overseeing the elections process in the country.Following the unjustified rejection of the six nominees presented by Jagdeo for the position of the Chairman of GECOM, the Opposition Leader had sought clarification.However, on Wednesday, Jagdeo received a letter from the President, which did not provide the clarification that the President had promised, and this did not sit well with the former President, who then issued a statement expressing his disappointment that the Government had not furnished the clarity sought in a matter of such national importance and magnitude, but instead sought to proposed that a meeting be held between Attorney General Basil Williams and a person of the Leader of the Opposition’s choice “in order to avoid further misinterpretation or misunderstanding of this important constitutional matter”.The statement further stated that in the interest of the nation, the Opposition Leader will accede to the President’s request, and will send a representative to the meeting with the Attorney General.Granger had claimed that the initial candidates were unacceptable on the basis that they did not meet the constitutional requirement of being a judge or possessing the qualifications of a judge despite the fact that the Constitution provides for any other “fit and proper” person to be nominated.When questioned by media operatives, President Granger on Wednesday said, “I am obliged to conduct meaningful consultation with him; I will not make any choice unless the consultation is completed… I am a man of great patience; this is a constitutional matter that is important to Guyana and I don’t want to bring the process to an end without both sides being satisfied,” he expressed.
A miner, who was left to guard a sluice box containing two “gold mats” was chopped to death by a co-worker at 111 Miles Madhia, Region Eight (Potaro-Siparuni), who later removed the two mats and escaped. Dead is 56-year-old Damion Scipio, also called “Rasta man” of Moco Moco Village, Central Rupununi.Reports are the chopping incident occurred between 23:00h on Friday evening and 06:00h on Saturday morning. However, the suspect was subsequently arrested at BK Old Road Backdam, Potaro River.Police investigations have so far revealed that the victim was performing security duties at the camp belonging to a prominent mining company when he was attacked and chopped three times to his head and once to his left wrist which was almost severed.The suspect then removed the gold mats that the victim was protecting and fled the scene. As a result of a quick response from detectives in F Division (Interior locations), he was apprehended. It is unclear if the mats were recovered but the suspect was taken into Police custody and is being processed for court.The body of Scipio was taken to the Madhia Hospital Mortuary awaiting a post-mortem examination. Police are continuing their investigations.The Police in a recent release stated that a total of 35 murders were recorded up to the end of April when compared to 53 during the same period in 2016. This saw a 34 per cent decrease.Of the 35 murders, 20 were as a result of disorderly behaviour, four as a result of domestic disputes, five stemmed from robberies under arms and three were as a result of execution-style killings. The Police are yet to determine the circumstances surrounding the remaining three.Fourteen of those murders were committed in A Division (Georgetown-East Bank Demerara) followed by 10 in F Division (Interior locations); six in B Division (Berbice) and four in D Division (West Bank Demerara-East Bank Essequibo). One of the heinous crimes was committed in C Division (East Coast Demerara).
AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MORE11 theater productions to see in Southern California this week, Dec. 27-Jan. 2“It’s taken many a night for them to come in and do this, but they are hard-chargers,” Osano said. Sarah, Tamara and Tess created a 10-minute documentary on segregation, telling the 1957 story of the Little Rock Nine, the first blacks to attend Little Rock Central High School and their push for an education equal to that of their white peers. Through black-and-white photos and old footage, the girls pieced together the story, complete with actual interviews with the participants. The three take turns narrating as the story unfolds. Aside from learning about the video cameras and editing equipment they used for the documentary, the students were intrigued by the history lesson that they became immersed in. “They were around our age and did what they believed in and wanted to,” Tamara said. CASTAIC – Four Castaic Middle School students who have creamed their competitors in county and state history competitions are hoping for a three-peat at the nationals. The four head next month to Washington, D.C., where they’ll represent Los Angeles County at National History Day. The event involves about 100 competitors, no more than two from each state, who tell history tales through different mediums, such as Web sites, plays, research papers, documentaries and board projects. At Castaic Middle School, seventh-graders Sarah Dimonte, Tamara Long and Tess Molinar along with sixth-grader Tomo Downs have worked on their projects for hundreds of hours after school with video production teacher Ro Osano. While the girls worked on their documentary, Tomo opted to make a blue-and-red stand full of pictures and information about the 442nd Regimental Combat Team, an all-Japanese U.S. Army troop that was the most-decorated outfit in World War II fighting. Using a bottle cap, Tomo circled the face of one young soldier in red – the man who became his grandfather, Tomo Ichi Matsuda. Because his grandfather died five years ago, Tomo learned much of the information for his project through interviews with other Japanese-American veterans. He also visited foundations and museums that focus on Japanese history. After reading about the struggle Japanese-Americans faced during WWII, Tomo was immediately hooked on the story, especially after learning about internment camps. Osano estimated that Tomo spent more than 300 hours on his project. “The first day that I started researching this, I was like – whoa,” Tomo said. since the fall email@example.com (661)257-5254160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!
Doctors from Donegal will meet in the Abbey Hotel in Donegal town this Monday to protest at the lack of consultation on the new GP contract and to highlight what they say is the crisis taking place in general practice.Doctors are outraged at crisis in general practice.The meeting is the fifth in a series of meetings organised by doctors across the country to draw attention to the damage being done to patient care due to the lack of resources.The GPs are also concerned about the new contract offered to GP’s to treat children under the age of six. The contract, they say, will create further problems in general practice and push GP’s into an even deeper crisis, create waiting lists for the first time in general practice, discriminate against older and disabled people, and put an unacceptable ‘gag’ on general practitioners.It follows similar meetings in Cork, Limerick, Galway and Mayo which attracted 900 GPs in total and 31 members of the Oireachtas. Another meeting will be held in Dublin two days later in the Burlington Hotel (April 9th).Nine Oireachtas members have confirmed their attendance at the Donegal meeting including Pearse Doherty (SF), Padraig MacLochlainn (SF), Joe McHugh, (FG) and Charlie McConalogue (FF).Donegal GP Dr Brendan Woods will chair the meeting and GPs based in the north-west, Dr Karena Hanly, Dr Vincent Brett and Dr Zach Johnson. Dr Brendan Woods said Monday night’s meeting will be “an opportunity for us to express to our elected representatives the reality of what is going on in general practice and why they should be concerned”.Presentations will be given to the meeting on how the FEMPI cuts are causing hardship within their practices, and preventing them from offering a full range of services.GPs are concerned that the cuts are having a negative impact on patients and that this issue is being ignored.They say that patients are at risk because of cuts and that general practice – one of the most effective arms of the health service – is in danger of being destroyed because of a lack of resources.Following the media attention given to plans by the Minister for Health to introduce Universal Health Care (UHI) this week, GPs say that it is much more important at the moment to focus on the health service as it is now, and particularly, providing services to patients at primary care level and ensuring that they receive those services. DONEGAL DOCTORS TO HOLD MEETING ABOUT ‘CRISIS’ IN GENERAL PRACTICE was last modified: April 5th, 2014 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:abbey hoteldoctorsDonegal Townmeeting
There was bitter frustration for Ollie Horgan as his side were held to a draw by a dogged and spirited Cobh Ramblers side at Finn Park.Harps dominated possession but failed to penetrate the well organised Cobh defence.When Harps did break through Paul McVeigh was cynically fouled and Cobh centre-half Craig Burns was lucky not to see red. Cobh threatened on the break but the first-half passed without any clear cut opportunities.Harps upped the tempo in the second-half, with Gareth Harkin exerting greater influence on the game.Ciaran Coll forced two wonderful saves from the Cobh goalkeeper Robbie Birdsall.Birdsall replaced Shane Hallahan who was forced to go off after a collision with Caoimhe Bonner. Harps had another half chance through Kevin McHugh but the striker dragged his effort wide.Cobh almost scored on the counter attack through Martin Deady but Conor Winn made a good stop.The results dents Harps promotion hopes, and they need to beat Galway next week at Finn Park to keep those flagging hopes alive. FRUSTRATION FOR HORGAN AS COBH HOLD HARPS was last modified: July 12th, 2014 by Mark ForkerShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:Cobh Ramblersfinn harpsnewsSport
19 March 2012 South Africa’s current account deficit narrowed to 3.6% of GDP in the fourth quarter of 2011, while foreign direct investment inflows increased substantially, the Reserve Bank says in its latest quarterly bulletin. “Relative to the country’s gross domestic product, the deficit on the current account decreased from 4.1% in the third quarter of 2011 to 3.6% in the fourth quarter,” the Bank said on Monday. According to the bulletin, this was helped by lower dividend payments to non-residents. “Relative to the country’s gross domestic product, the deficit amounted to 3.6% – fairly moderate compared with recent history,” the Bank said. ‘Significantly lower gross dividend payments’ “The smaller deficit in the fourth quarter of 2011 can mainly be ascribed to significantly lower gross dividend payments following exceptionally large dividend declarations in the third quarter.” According to the Bank, the negative imbalance on the services, income and current transfer account narrowed noticeably, by about R45-billion to R93-billion in the fourth quarter. The current account deficit for the whole of 2011 widened to 3.3% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) from 2.8% in 2010. This was due to a sharp deterioration in the second half of last year.Foreign direct investment increases Meanwhile, foreign direct investment inflows into South Africa increased substantially, to R18.7-billion in the fourth quarter of 2011, compared with an inflow of R2.8-billion in the third quarter. According to the central bank, the capital inflows emanated mainly from the UK and China, and were largely directed towards the country’s mining, communications and financial intermediation sectors. “Cumulatively, direct investment inflows came to R42.1-billion in 2011, notably more than the inflow of R9-billion registered in 2010,” the Bank said. “As a ratio of gross domestic product, the direct investment inflows rose from 0.3% in 2010 to 1.4% in 2011.” Source: BuaNews
23 May 2014The Iziko South African Museum in Cape Town has become the first museum in Africa to exhibit a standing replica of the two-million-year-old Australopithecus sediba – dubbed “Karabo” – one of the most complete skeletons of an early human relative that has ever been found.One of South Africa’s most important palaeoanthropological finds, the original skeleton of Australopithecus sediba – dubbed “Karabo” – was discovered at the Malapa site in the Cradle of Humankind north-west of Johannesburg in 2008 by professors Lee Berger and Paul Dirks.Berger is a palaeoanthropologist at the Evolutionary Studies Institute at Wits University, and Dirks is a geologist based at the James Cooke University in Australia. Berger led the team of scientists from across the globe on the excavation.The two-million-year-old Australopithecus sebida is thought to be a good candidate for the transitional species between the southern African ape-man Australopithecus africanus (examples include the Taung Child and Mrs Ples) and either Homo habilis or even a direct ancestor of Homo erectus (Turkana Boy, Java Man or Peking Man). The australopithecines are believed to be the ancestors of the Homo genus.There is no doubt, Berger said recently, that Australopithecus sebida is a new species, but not in the Homo genus. “There is broad acceptance of the species Australopithecus sediba among scientists as something previously unknown to science. Very little debate has occurred around whether these bones represent a new species. The debate has centred, largely, [on] whether the species should be placed in the genus Homo.”The new species has long arms, like an ape, and short powerful hands, making it likely that it could have retained its ability to climb. A very advanced pelvis and long legs suggest that it was capable of striding and possibly running like a human. It is estimated that it was about 1.27 metres tall and weighed about 33 kilograms.Berger, on behalf of the Evolutionary Studies Institute, in partnership with the Cradle of Humankind World Heritage Site Management Authority, handed over a replica of a reconstructed, upright Karabo to the Iziko South African Museum last week.“As Iziko Museums of South Africa has been such a wonderful supporter of palaeoanthropological discoveries, it was agreed by the stakeholders that it should be the first museum in Africa to display a standing replica of Karabo,” Berger said last week. “It will become part of the exhibition titled ‘The search for our early ancestors’, currently on show at the museum.”This standing replica is one of a number of casts available through the Marapo Stones and Bones project, a community-based and driven fossil casting facility at the Cradle World Heritage site that is the result of a partnership between the institute at Wits and the Cradle site.As part of this partnership, an arrangement has been made to allow for the donation of casts of fossils from the Cradle site to partners around the world, including public institutions and universities such as Oxford and Cambridge in the UK, and to museums including the Natural History Museum (Museum fur Naturkunde) in Germany and the Smithsonian Institution’s National Museum of Natural History in Washington DC.The production of casts forms an important part of the goal of developing the economy and people in the Cradle of Humankind and other heritage-rich areas of South Africa, as well as developing the science of palaeoanthropology in Africa, and the continued promotion of the Cradle area as one of the world’s foremost fossil hominid-bearing sites.The sites of Malapa and the newly excavated Rising Star site, together with the world famous Sterkfontein Caves, have yielded the richest early human ancestor sites on the planet. Work on Australopithecus sediba alone has been featured in a large number of prestigious scientific works as well as the popular media, including National Geographic, Scientific American and Time Magazine.The Malapa site still holds precious fossil material, and excavations are likely to continue at the site for decades to come.SAinfo reporter and Wits University
South Africa has developed an established, diversified manufacturing base that has shown its resilience and potential to compete in the global economy.This platform of manufacturing presents an opportunity to significantly accelerate the country’s growth and development. (Image: Brand South Africa)Brand South Africa reporterThe manufacturing sector provides a locus for stimulating the growth of other activities, such as services, and achieving specific outcomes, such as employment creation and economic empowerment. This platform of manufacturing presents an opportunity to significantly accelerate the country’s growth and development.Manufacturing in South Africa is dominated by the following industries:AgriprocessingAutomotiveChemicalsICT and electronicsMetalsTextiles, clothing and footwearAgriprocessing industryAgriculture contributes 4% to South Africa’s gross domestic product (GDP) and consists largely of cattle and sheep farming, with only 13% of land used for growing crops.Maize is most widely grown followed by wheat, oats, sugar cane and sunflowers. The government is working to develop small-scale farming in efforts to boost job creation. Citrus and deciduous fruits are exported, as are locally produced wines and flowers.The agri-food complex (inputs, primary production, processing) contributes approximately R124 billion to South Africa’s GDP and employs 451 000 people in the formal sector. Exports of processed agricultural products amounted to R17.2 billion in 2001.South Africa has a diversity of climates, ranging from semi-arid and dry to sub-tropical. As a result, a diversity of crops, livestock and fish are to be found.The South African agri-food complex has a number of competitive advantages, making it both an important trading partner and a viable investment destination. A world-class infrastructure, counter-seasonality to Europe, vast biodiversity and marine resources, and competitive input costs make the country a major player on the world’s markets.The establishment of preferential trade agreements, such as the Africa Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) for the US market and a free trade agreement with the European Union, confer generous benefits.Department of AgricultureAgricultural Research CouncilDepartment of Land AffairsAgri SAAutomotive industryThe automotive industry is one of South Africa’s most important sectors, with many of the major multinationals using South Africa to source components and assemble vehicles for both the local and international markets.Despite its distance from some of the major markets Africa, and particularly South Africa, produces high quality products at prices competitive with other automotive manufacturing and assembly centres.The South African automotive and components industry is growing rapidly and is perfectly placed for investment opportunities. Vehicle manufacturers such as BMW, Ford, Volkswagen, Daimler-Chrysler and Toyota have production plants in the country, while component manufacturers (Arvin Exhust, Bloxwitch, Corning, Senior Flexonics) have established production bases in the country.The industry is largely located in two provinces, the Eastern Cape (coastal) and Gauteng (inland). Companies with production plants in South Africa are placed to take advantage of the low production costs, coupled with access to new markets as a result of trade agreements with the European Union and the Southern African Development Community free trade area. Opportunities also lie in the production of materials (automotive steel and components).South Africa’s aim is to become an automotive investment destination of choice. Modernisation and upgrading of key elements in the automotive industry are required to keep pace to achieve international competitiveness.Interest rates are currently at historic low levels, reducing the cost of investments. It is significant to note that most major multinational vehicle manufacturers are currently represented in SA, which means that international developments also impact on the country.The outlook for the vehicle industry is bright in terms of both exports and the domestic market. A key challenge will be to raise local content, particularly in the vehicles now being exported in large volumes.National Association of Automobile Manufacturers of SAAutomotive Industry Export CouncilAutomotive Industry Development CentreChemicals industryThe chemical industry has been shaped by the political and regulatory environment which created a philosophy of isolationism and protectionism during the apartheid years. This tended to foster an inward approach and a focus on import replacement in the local market. It also encouraged the building of small-scale plants with capacities geared to local demand, which tended to be uneconomic.Through isolation of the industry from international competition and high raw material prices as a result of import tariffs, locally processed goods have generally been less than competitive in export markets. Now that South Africa is once more fully part of the global community, South African chemical companies are focusing on the need to be internationally competitive and the industry is reshaping itself accordingly.Two noticeable traits characterise the South African chemical sector. Firstly, while its upstream sector is concentrated and well developed, the downstream sector – although diverse – remains underdeveloped. Secondly, the synthetic coal and natural gas-based liquid fuels and petrochemicals industry is prominent, with South Africa being world leader in coal-based synthesis and gas-to-liquids (GTL) technologies.South Africa’s chemical industry is of substantial economic significance to the country, contributing around 5% to the gross domestic product (GDP) and approximately 25% of its manufacturing sales.The industry is the largest of its kind in Africa. It is highly complex and widely diversified, with end products often being composed of a number of chemicals which have been combined in some way to provide the required properties and characteristics.The primary and secondary sectors are dominated by Sasol (through Sasol Chemical Industries and Sasol Polymers), AECI and Dow Sentrachem. These companies have recently diversified and expanded their interests in tertiary products, especially those with export potential.Chemical and Allied Industries’ AssociationSasolAECIDow SentrachemICT and electronics industriesThe South African information technology (IT) industry growth outstrips the world average. The country’s established and sophisticated indigenous information and communications technology (ICT) and electronics sector comprises more than 3 000 companies and was ranked 22nd in 2001 in terms of total worldwide IT spend.It has ready access to cutting edge technologies, equipment and skills and has the advantage of access to the rapid expansion of telecommunications and IT throughout the African continent. South African software developers are recognised as world leaders in innovation, production and cost efficiency backed by an excellent local infrastructure.This sector can be divided into three main sub-sectors: telecommunications, electronics and information technology.The telecommunications industry is thriving, contributing more than 7% to South Africa’s gross domestic product (GDP). With approximately 5,5 million installed fixed-line telephones, South Africa is ranked 23rd in telecommunications development in the world and represents more than 30% of the total lines installed in South Africa.Telkom, the sole fixed-line operator in South Africa, is a key player in a US$630 million optical fibre undersea cable project that will cater for Africa’s growing telecommunications needs for the next 25 years. Currently, a bidding process is under way for the country’s second fixed-line operator (SNO). The SNO is set to be named at the end of the 2003 financial year.Growing at a rate of 50% per year and fourth fastest growing cellphone market in the world, the South African GSM cellphone market has three operators: Vodacom, MTN and Cell-C. Some of the world’s leading telecommunication brands like Siemens, Alcatel, SBC Communications, Telecom Malaysia, Cell C and Vodaphone have made significant investments in the country.The South African electronics industry has repeatedly proved itself in terms of world-class innovation and production. The industry is characterised by a handful of generalist companies with strong capabilities in professional electronics, while small to medium companies specialise in security systems and electricity pre-payment meters.Investment opportunities lie in the development of access control systems and security equipment, automotive electronic subsystems, systems and software development in the banking and financial services sector, silicon processing for fiber optics, integrated circuits and solar cells. There are also significant opportunities for the export of hardware and associated services as well as software and peripherals.TelkomVodacomMTNCell CIndependent Communications Authority of SAState Information Technology AgencyMetals industrySouth Africa’s large, well-developed metals industry, with vast natural resources and a supportive infrastructure, represents roughly a third of all South Africa’s manufacturing.It comprises basic iron ore and steel, basic non-ferrous metals and metal products. The iron and steel basic industries involve the manufacture of primary iron and steel products from smelting to semi-finished stages.Ranked the world’s 19th largest steel producing country in 2001, South Africa is the largest steel producer in Africa (almost 60% of Africa’s total production).Primary steel products and semi-finished products include billets, blooms, slabs, forgings, reinforcing bars, railway track material, wire rod, seamless tubes and plates.South Africa is a net exporter, ranked 10th in the world, to more than 100 countries. Approximately 500 000 tons of ferrous-scrap were exported by metal recyclers in 2001.Imports accounted for only 5,8% of total domestic consumption of primary steel products in 2001. Sales to the local market increased by more than 6% during 2001 when compared with 2000.Iscor is South Africa’s largest steel producer. Other industry players include Scaw Metals, Cape Gate, Columbus Stainless Steel, Highveld Steel and Vanadium and Cisco.South Africa’s non-ferrous metal industries comprise aluminium and other metals (including copper, brass, lead, zinc and tin). Aluminium is the largest sector but, as SA has no commercially exploitable deposits, feedstock is imported. South Africa is ranked eighth in world production of aluminium. Key players include Billiton (with smelters in Richards Bay) and Hulett Aluminium.Other non-ferrous metals are small in relation, but are still important for exports and foreign exchange earnings. Although the country’s copper, brass and bronze industries have declined, it is hoped that new mining and reclamation technologies will allow exploitation of previously unviable deposits.The international and local steel industry has changed dramatically over the past two years. Several steel companies have fallen away and protectionism has increased.To survive in these harsh conditions, the South African primary steel industry has taken major steps to become more efficient and competitive. Many of the local steelworks have engaged in ongoing restructuring processes and productivity improvements.For example, Iscor’s steel and mining divisions were unbundled towards the end of 2001 and Saldanha Steel was 100% integrated into Iscor early in 2002.SA Iron and Steel InstituteIscorTextiles, clothing and footwear industryThe South African textile and clothing industry has a powerful vision. It aims to use all the natural, human and technological resources at its disposal to make South Africa the preferred domestic and international supplier of South African manufactured textiles and clothing.Though the textile and apparel industry is small, it is well placed to make this vision a reality.Due to technological developments, local textile production has evolved into a capital-intensive industry, producing synthetic fibres in ever-increasing proportions. The apparel industry has also undergone significant technological change and has benefited from the country’s sophisticated transport and communications infrastructure.The South African market demand increasingly reflects the sophistication of First World markets and the local clothing and textile industry has grown accordingly to offer the full range of services from natural and synthetic fibre production to non-wovens, spinning, weaving, tufting, knitting, dyeing and finishingSince 1994, about US$900 million has been spent on modernising and upgrading the industry, making it efficient, internationally competitive, and ready to become a major force in the world market.Exports account for R1,4 billion for apparel and R2,5 billion for textiles, mostly to the US and European markets. Exports to the US increased by a dramatic 62% in 2001, driven primarily by the benefits offered under the Africa Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) which provides for duty-free imports of apparel produced in South Africa.Textile Federation of South AfricaAfrica Growth and Opportunity ActWould you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See Using Brand South Africa material.