“The forthcoming National Economic Plan will provide for any further appropriate measures to safeguard strategic regional connectivity and the resilience of the aviation sector. Limerick’s National Camogie League double header to be streamed live LimerickNewsGovernment funding for Shannon Airport and rail network “very good news” for LimerickBy Staff Reporter – November 11, 2020 322 “The funding package will also include an Airport Charges Rebate Scheme, at an estimated cost of €20m, for January to March 2021, subject to State Aid approval from the EU Commission.“This is one of the recommendations made by the Task Force forAviation Recovery and will support the retention of core connectivity through the Winter season. “I had met with Government Ministers in recent weeks and emphasised the importance of further Government assistance for Shannon Airport and I am delighted that they have now delivered for the airport.Sign up for the weekly Limerick Post newsletter Sign Up Print Roisin Upton excited by “hockey talent coming through” in Limerick Advertisement “This injection of money will hopefully help Shannon return to being a thriving airport again, helping to drive the economy of Limerick and the Mid-West.” Billy Lee names strong Limerick side to take on Wicklow in crucial Division 3 clash WATCH: “Everyone is fighting so hard to get on” – Pat Ryan on competitive camogie squads WhatsApp Linkedin Limerick Ladies National Football League opener to be streamed live Facebook RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Email WILLIE O’Dea TD said, “There was some very good news for Shannon Airport today as the Government have allocated further operational and capital funding supports of €22m for Shannon and Cork airports, which is in addition to the €10m in capital funding announced in Budget 2021. Donal Ryan names Limerick Ladies Football team for League opener Twitter TAGSKeeping Limerick PostedlimerickLimerick PostShannon airport Previous articleWATCH: Peter O’Mahony discusses the new breed of Irish backrowers and debutantsNext articleWATCH: Donovan looks to maintain his 100% record as he weighs in for tonight’s Fight Night Staff Reporterhttp://www.limerickpost.ie “The Government have also agreed to fund a feasibility study to look at connecting Shannon to the rail network via a spur to Sixmilebridge on the Limerick to Galway rail line.
Weekly Update: Supporting Bipartisan Health Care Reform, Urging Vote on Widely Supported Shale Tax and Funding for State-Related Universities, Combating the Heroin and Opioid Epidemic
Weekly Update: Supporting Bipartisan Health Care Reform, Urging Vote on Widely Supported Shale Tax and Funding for State-Related Universities, Combating the Heroin and Opioid Epidemic We’re changing the way PA does business to make government more efficient & achieve real savings for taxpayers — we’ve saved $373M so far. pic.twitter.com/Teu9IJNpLS— Governor Tom Wolf (@GovernorTomWolf) October 15, 2017 Like Governor Tom Wolf on Facebook: Facebook.com/GovernorWolf The Blog, Weekly Update On Monday, Governor Wolf expressed his concern that Congressional leaders were complicit in insurance rate increases stemming from the Trump Administration’s decision to not continue cost-sharing reduction payments, a move that would negatively impact middle-class families, seniors, and individuals with pre-existing conditions.Governor Wolf joined bipartisan governors from across the county to call on Congressional leadership to act on stabilizing the health insurance market by bringing the bipartisan Alexander-Murray legislation to a vote in the U.S. House and Senate.“This legislation would help make insurance more affordable for families, seniors, entrepreneurs, and people seeking substance use treatment,” Governor Wolf said. “I continue to be proud of the work bipartisan governors have done – collaborating across the aisle – to ensure our constituents can continue to access the diverse and affordable insurance options on the individual market.”On Wednesday, the Pennsylvania House Finance Committee approved a shale tax. Governor Wolf released a statement urging House leadership to bring the severance tax to a vote, calling the tax a “fair and commonsense proposal that will address our structural budget deficit.” The governor also called on the House to approve the funding for state-related universities that was already approved by the Senate in July.Continuing to combat the heroin and opioid epidemic is a top priority for Governor Wolf and his administration. On Monday, the governor called on the legislature to consider a set of bills aimed to continue the fight against the epidemic. The bills would limit over-prescribing, further regulate recovery homes, require opioid education in schools, and provide a path to required treatment.On Tuesday, the governor and members of his administration announced four $1 million dollar grants to be awarded to health organizations to build medication-assisted treatment programs for Pennsylvanians suffering from addiction.Later in the week, Governor Wolf toured the Pennsylvania Adult and Teen Challenge recovery program and congratulated the facility on its CARF accreditation. The governor traveled to Pittsburgh on Friday to announce an additional 60,000 kits of the live saving overdose reversal drug naloxone would be available to first responders statewide.Governor Wolf’s Week, October 15 – October 21, 2017Monday, 10/16/17Governor Wolf: Congressional Leaders Complicit in Insurance Rate IncreasesGovernor Wolf Calls on House to Approve ‘Overdue’ University FundingGovernor Wolf Urges Passage of Legislation to Combat Health and Opioid EpidemicPennsylvania Governor Wolf Statement on Federal Drug Diversion Policy ChangesTuesday, 10/17/17Governor Wolf Announces First Medical Marijuana Grower/Processor to Begin ProductionGovernor Wolf to Award $4 Million in Grants for Medication-Assisted Treatment Programs to Battle Addiction EpidemicWolf Administration Awards $4 Million in Grants for Medication-Assisted Treatment Programs to Battle Addiction EpidemicGovernor’s Advisory Council Seeks to Fill Opening on Fish and Boat CommissionWednesday, 10/18/17Governor Wolf Tours Pennsylvania Adult and Teen Challenge Rehabilitation FacilityState Leaders Come Together in Effort to Attract Amazon HQ2 to PennsylvaniaGO-TIME: Commonwealth Receives National, Statewide Recognition for Public Works Modernization, Process Improvement EffortsGovernor Wolf’s Statement on House Finance Committee’s Shale Tax ApprovalGovernor Wolf Names 13 New Members to the Pennsylvania Commission for WomenGovernor Wolf Announces Investment in Water Infrastructure Projects in 12 CountiesThursday, 10/19/17Governor Wolf Joins Bipartisan Group of Governors Calling for Action on Bipartisan Health Insurance Market Stabilizing AgreementGovernor Wolf Announces New Winter Travel Tool for Public, Administration Outlines Winter PreparationsGovernor Wolf Will Consolidate Department of Corrections, Board of Probation and Parole FunctionsGovernor Wolf Announces Department of Homeland Security Grants Pennsylvania REAL ID Enforcement ExtensionFriday, 10/20/17Governor Wolf Announces 60,000 Additional Naloxone Kits Available for First Responders StatewideHighlight from The BlogIt’s on us to make sure bravery of #MeToo victims is not wastedHighlights from TwitterGood news, PA: Our medical marijuana program is moving forward and patients will have medication in 2018. https://t.co/bW3HZtfapD— Governor Tom Wolf (@GovernorTomWolf) October 17, 2017 October 20, 2017 By: The Office of Governor Tom Wolf SHARE Email Facebook Twitter
Swedish pension fund AP4 and occupational pensions manager Alecta have finally accepted the bid by Germany’s Volkswagen for Swedish heavy vehicles company Scania, despite holding out against the takeover.VW yesterday declared its offer for Scania unconditional, saying all conditions for its completion had been met.In a statement, VW said: “The offer has been accepted to such extent that Volkswagen after completion of the offer will become the owner of 90.47% of all shares in Scania.”Alecta said yesterday it had decided to accept Volkswagen’s bid for Scania. “After renewed talks with Volkswagen, it is our conclusion that a higher bid price cannot be achieved,” the company said. “Even though the bid still does not fully reflect Scania’s long-term value, we believe it is acceptable.”The Swedish pensions manager said it saw VW as a strong long-term owner that should be able offer good conditions for Scania that would allow it to continue to develop positively as a wholly owned subsidiary. Alecta currently holds 16.3m shares in Scania, which amounts to 2.04% of the auto firm’s capital.Alecta and other shareholders in Scania had previously rejected the offer by VW, which was part of its plan to merge the Swedish business with rival German truck manufacturer MAN.Scania’s independent committee had called for VW’s valuation to be rejected because it failed to take long-term prospects into account. Following VW’s announcement that it was completing the offer, AP4 said it had decided to hand in its shareholding in Scania, which corresponds to about 0.6% of Scania’s capital.It said the decision should be viewed in light of the fact Volkswagen had already passed the 90% limit, at which compulsory purchase could be requested.Mats Andersson, AP4’s chief executive, said: “It is unfortunate that more owners were not able to back the independent committee in Scania’s board of directors that so unequivocally recommended the owners decline Volkswagen’s offer.”But he said it was handing in its shares instead of facing an extended compulsory purchase process.“We are still of the opinion the offer does not reflect Scania’s long-term value, and that Scania would have developed best as an independent and listed company,” Andersson said.Martin Winterkorn, chairman of VW’s management board, said it would now take the next step in its strategy to “strengthen the operational integration between Scania, MAN and Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles to create a leading commercial vehicles group”.VW said it would now start the compulsory acquisition of the remaining shares in Scania and delist the company’s shares from NASDAQ OMX Stockholm.Before the offer was announced, VW held 62.6% of the shares of Scania and 89.2% of the voting rights.At the end of last month, however, Swedish buffer funds AP2 and AP3 accepted the controversial bid.AP2 owned 0.2% of the stock, and AP3 held 0.3%.
The International Marine Contractors Association (IMCA) is to hold a Marine Renewable Energy Seminar on 25 September in Amsterdam (Novotel Schiphol Airport). With the theme ‘Working together for safe and efficient operations’ this day-long seminar on the topic reflects the increasing involvement of IMCA members with the rapidly expanding global marine renewables sector.Free to attend for IMCA members plus invited guests the one-day seminar will consider IMCA global initiatives and feature three sessions – ‘Achieving harmonisation of training and certification’; ‘Openness is the key to safe and efficient operations’; and ‘Future trends in the marine renewable energy sector’.In addition to speakers drawn from IMCA member companies including Seaway 7, Boskalis, Subsea 7, Siemens Gamesa, DNV GL, TechnipFMC and Van Oord who will be joined by experts from the Global Wind Organisation (GWO); G+, the global health and safety organisation for the offshore wind industry; and The Carbon Trust.Sessions will be chaired by Alan MacLeay of Subsea 7 and Steve Myers of Siemens Gamesa, respectively Chair and Vice Chair of IMCA’s Marine Renewable Energy Committee, and by John Davies of Helix Canyon Offshore.Captain Andy Goldsmith, IMCA’s Technical Adviser – Marine sets out the aims of the event:“The seminar has been designed to enable attendees to have every opportunity to participate and therefore steer future IMCA guidance and influences. We are looking for three main outcomes – to promote harmonisation of training and certification for the benefit of the sector; to encourage and show that openness to safety works; and to prepare members for future developments.”We are looking forward to welcoming personnel from marine contractors, field developers, clients, marine warranty surveyors, equipment suppliers and training establishments who are directly involve din marine renewable energy operations.”
It’s not the size; it’s the wiring. Don’t we know that for electronics? Why are evolutionists still obsessed with brain size?Measuring skull capacity as a proxy for intelligence has a long history. In his book The Mismeasure of Man (1981), Stephen Jay Gould recounted how Victorian evolutionists were obsessed with skull measurements (craniometry) in their determination to prove Europeans were superior to other races. As he shows, their a priori bias influenced what they “saw” in their measurements as they preferred only the measurements that supported their expectations.Biological racism really took off after Darwin, Dr Bergman shows.In his book The Darwin Effect, Jerry Bergman documents how biological racism really took off after Darwin. Evolutionary theory demanded differences between groups to establish superiority in fitness. Since Europeans had shoes with buckles and Africans did not, it was obvious to Victorians that they were the fittest, and so they rigged their data to prove it. As Bergman shows, biological racism was embraced by leading Darwinists for over a century. It was even blatant in the very textbook at issue in the Scopes Trial, for instance. Racism was tied in with eugenics – that blotch on human history that gave Hitler and other racists a pseudo-scientific justification for their evil deeds. A linchpin of “biological racism” was skull capacity.Today’s anthropologists know better than to argue for “biological racism” based on skull size. And yet craniometry still crops up in paleoanthropology, where it forms what might be called “paleo-biological racism.” Most anthropologists will avoid acting racist with any members of Homo sapiens today, but they still need differences in fitness between us and our “hominin” ancestors to support the notion that we evolved from apes. For that reason, evolutionary anthropologists continue to be fascinated with skull capacity. A paper this week in Current Biology, for instance, begins with an acknowledgement of former sins:SummaryTraditional views of human brain evolution focus on increases in brain size. However, the brain endocast of Homo naledi adds evidence that brain re-organisation played a significant role in hominin evolution.Main TextCompared to the brains of our primate cousins, human brains are undeniably large. Although brains do not fossilize well, skulls do, which makes it possible to measure brain volume in our extinct relatives and to chart the evolutionary trajectory of hominin brain size. A naïve but still widely popularised representation of these data implies an unwavering trend towards progressive brain expansion; a ‘hockey stick graph’ for human evolution (Figure 1A). While no anthropologist would accept such a simple series of transitions between extinct hominins, recent discoveries also suggest that this trend captures only one dimension of hominin brain evolution. A new analysis by Holloway and colleagues adds to our picture of hominin brain evolution in two ways: it adds weight to the idea that brain expansion was not a universal trend in hominin evolution, and provides evidence that brain re-organisation occurred independently of brain expansion and may have, in fact, preceded it.This is all well and good, but it still relies on skull capacity as “one dimension of hominin brain evolution.” Author Stephen Montgomery’s only figure in his “Dispatch” article, “Hominin brain evolution: Which way is up?” continues the tradition of mapping skull size over time. “Brain size is often taken as a naïve proxy for cognitive ability,” he admits, “with the trend towards progressive brain expansion providing a simple way of tying evidence of behavioural or cultural transitions in the fossil record to the evolution of cognition.” All he does in the end, though, is show a “revised” hockey stick graph with some outliers, like Homo naledi and Homo floresiensis, that buck the trend of increasing skull capacity. He proposes an explanation that those outliers suffered “allometric reduction” (reduction in both body and skull sizes). This shows that the assumption of evolution from apes that originally gave fodder to biological racism has not disappeared entirely. For evolutionary theory, why must skull sizes increase at all for a creature to be intelligent? Aren’t honeybees, ants and crows remarkably smart for their small brains?Child Prodigies Defy Evolutionary MeasurementsIt should have been obvious to Victorians that brain size cannot be all that important. Child prodigies have been known since antiquity. Let’s look at two alive today that astonish us with their pre-adolescent abilities. In their not-yet-full-grown skulls, look what the brains in these two child prodigies have already accomplished:William Maillis, age 11This boy has graduated from college at age 11. “Before he was 2 years old, William Maillis was adding and subtracting,” Joe Kovacs reports in WND with a photo of him holding his diploma. “As a 3-year-old, he knew the alphabet in six languages.” That’s just the beginning.By age 4, he was an algebra whiz. At 5 years old, a psychologist at Ohio State University said the boy was a genius.Now at the ripe young age of 11, Maillis has officially become a college graduate, receiving an associate’s degree Saturday from St. Petersburg College in Florida.But his education is not finished yet, as he begins classes next month at the University of South Florida to earn a bachelor’s degree, as he’s looking upward toward the heavens.Little William wants to become an astrophysicist. And to the consternation of Twitter evolutionists who call creationists ignoramuses and nincompoops (21 July), William is a Bible-believer who wants to use science to turn people to God.Alma Deutscher, age 13CBS NewsThis young girl astounds everyone who hears her music. She was featured on 60 Minutes earlier this year, where she astonished host Scott Pelley by composing and performing an impromptu minuet based on 4 notes he drew at random from a hat (see a completely different musical ‘hat trick’ here with another host on YouTube). A child prodigy since at least age 6, Alma says she hears melodies in her head almost all the time, but that is only the beginning of her amazing prowess. At the tender age of 13 she is a Mozart-class composer, a virtuoso violinist, a virtuoso pianist, and a singer with a beautiful voice. She has composed and performed her own piano concerto (hear the 2nd Movement on YouTube), an opera, and a violin concerto, among many other pieces – and this includes composing and arranging all the orchestra parts, too.On her YouTube channel this week, Alma posted a complete performance of her entire 35-minute Violin Concerto in G that she performed last year in Europe with orchestra, all from memory. If you can watch her virtuosity and sensitivity and creativity without shaking your head in utter disbelief that this is even possible at age 13, someone might have to check if you have a pulse. Hundreds of comments at this performance express delight at watching and hearing her amazing ability, thinking back to what it must have been like to hear Mozart as a child. One writes,It is so easy to forget that we listen to a concerto composed by a young girl, it truly sounds at the same level of the greatest classical music composers of all time. We need to be grateful for being alive at this time, as rarely any generation on Earth gets to witness such extraordinary talent of someone this age.ImplicationsIs Alma Deutscher able to do this because her brain is larger than those of the grown musicians in the orchestra? Is William Maillis a college graduate at age 11 because his skull is larger than his professors? Certainly not! You can tell by looking at them that their heads probably have a ways to grow before adulthood. Neither child resembles those space aliens that are often drawn with huge heads and diminutive bodies to indicate that they are smarter than humans, having had millions more years to evolve. The myth of brain size as a measure of intelligence is tossed into the trash bin of history by these two child prodigies, and by all the others who have preceded them. This should have been obvious to the Victorian biological racists who certainly would have known of prodigies in their day. And in our modern day of electronic gadgets, we have seen the trend toward more capacity in smaller space (example: an advance at the University of Alberta may increase computer memory a thousand-fold, reports Science Daily). In hindsight, evolutionists could well have predicted human skulls would get smaller over time, not larger. It’s the wiring, not the size. Compactness is a feature, not a bug. The human brain still remains the most complex known object in the universe, with more ability than all the world’s computers combined.Darwin FatheadsBack to Stephen Montgomery at Current Biology. What does he do with this realization? You can feel the tension in his writing, as he discounts brain size yet clings to evolutionary theory’s expectation that something about skull size or shape might still be able inform us about human progress from the apes:Even without a definitive phylogenetic hypothesis, the description of the H. naledi endocast provides a major lesson in thinking about brain evolution. First, both evolutionary scenarios described above involve reorganisation of brain structure without correlated changes in brain size; implying the morphological changes observed in later Homo are not a result of allometric scaling, and may be somewhat functionally independent from size increases. The evolutionary independence of these two modes of brain evolution implies that a narrow focus on brain size will likely ignore behaviourally important features of brain architecture. This conclusion should not be surprising, as comparative analyses across a range of vertebrates demonstrate similar patterns of mosaic brain evolution, and a complex relationship between brain size and behaviours used as proxies for cognition. Indeed, recent work on brain morphology within anatomically modern humans also provides evidence for a dissociation between brain size and structure. A geometric morphometric analysis of 20 H. sapiens digital endocasts, dated between 300,000 to 10,000 years ago, revealed that early and late H. sapiens brains were similar in size, but not shape. In more recent specimens, the brains appear more ‘globular’, with changes in the relative shape of several cortical features, most notably the parietal lobe, and a bulging of the cerebellum. These shape differences may reflect changes in the development of particular brain components, and coincide with the emergence of behavioural modernity.Neubauer et al, ScienceThat’s a recipe for more biological racism. He has just exchanged shape for size. Can you see some Darwinian measuring shapes now, ranking people on that basis? Montgomery seems to sense the danger in that route. He gives up.These studies suggest changes in brain organization played a major role in the emergence of both our genus and our species. What then is the relative significance of the apparent trend towards brain expansion? Could brain size be less important than we thought? Several lines of evidence suggest brain size is still a big part of our story. For example, modelling the genetic covariance between brain and body size provides evidence for selection acting directly on brain size during hominin evolution, rather than body size. Similarly, molecular genetics continues to uncover evidence of adaptive evolution of genes affecting brain development, including the recent identification of the latest ‘human-specific’ gene, NOTCH2NL, which may have played a major role in prolonging cortical neurogenesis. However, brain size is merely a reflection of internal changes in brain composition and structure, including increases in neuron number and changes in connectivity. The challenge is therefore to understand the behavioural relevance of the kind of structural changes that do, or don’t, necessitate changes in overall brain volume. Until we have a good grasp of the functional effects of these different patterns of brain evolution, a sound understanding of the multiple dimensions of the hominin fossil record will remain elusive.Question, class: How much has Darwinian evolution helped us understand ourselves?Update 8/05/18: Here’s an eye-catching headline on Live Science: “Part of This Boy’s Brain Was Removed. The Rest of His Brain Made Sure He Wouldn’t Notice.” A boy nicknamed U.D. had a third of his brain removed to treat seizures. Now the seizures are gone, and the rest of his brain has compensated for most functions that were performed by the missing mass. “Aside from U.D. not being able to see the left side of his world, the team found that he functions just as well as others his age in cognition and vision processing.”We grieve at the evils done by evolutionists who promulgated biological racism based on Charles Darwin’s evil theory. Oh, that they were alive today for us to chastise with these facts and to show them what their fake science led to. We can’t do that, but we can warn the living to learn from history, and never again to rank people on an evolutionary basis.Now, go watch Alma Deutscher play her violin concerto and celebrate the gift of God in music. (Visited 602 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
A lot of home builders and homeowners are getting certified home energy ratings to find out how efficient their homes are. There’s also a lot of buzz about HERS ratings, with builders looking at them as a tool for marketing their homes. The rating process models the energy performance of a home and comes up with, among other results, a number called the HERS Index. But what exactly is this thing called the HERS Index?We could approach that question a lot of different ways. My objective here is to focus on the mechanics — how the HERS Index is defined and how it’s calculated. For greater depth on the mechanics or more on HERS ratings in the broader context, see the links at the end of this article. ResourcesThe ultimate source of info about the HERS Index is the 2006 National Mortgage Industry Home Energy Rating System Standards (pdf).Last year, Martin Holladay wrote about the HERS Index in his Musings of an Energy Nerd column here at Green Building Advisor but looked at it from a different angle: How Is a Home’s HERS Index Calculated?Martin also wrote a thorough article on energy modeling in general that you might want to check out: Energy Modeling Isn’t Very Accurate.RESNET has been pushing hard for builders to adopt the HERS Index as a marketing tool, and I wrote about that a while back: ENERGY STAR Version 3 vs. the HERS Index.Finally, one thing that many people don’t seem to understand is that a HERS rating is just an analysis tool. It’s not a certification program for homes with guidelines and thresholds: A Home Energy Rating Is Not an Award. The HERS Reference HomeOne aspect of the HERS Index that bears further scrutiny is the HERS Reference Home. Here’s what the HERS Standards say about it:“The reference home is the geometric twin of the rated home, configured to a standard set of thermal performance characteristics, from which the energy budget, that is the basis for comparison, is derived.”Basically, the Reference Home is the same size and shape as the rated home and is also in the same location and IECC climate zone. The inputs for insulation R-values, window U-values, HVAC system efficiency, and similar factors are defined in the HERS Standards but are close to what’s in the 2006 IECC.Let me point out a couple of important points about the Reference Home. First, some aspects vary with climate zone, and some are fixed. For example, wall insulation R-values change with location but the window area in the Reference home is always 18% of the conditioned floor area and is spread out equally on south, east, north, and west facing walls. Second, the Reference Home doesn’t have everything that the rated home has. Although a rated home may have photovoltaic modules, for example, the Reference Home will not.The really important thing to know about the HERS Reference Home is that it’s your reference point, hence the name. Yes, the energy code that it’s based on has advanced, but we don’t want to go changing our reference because if we did that, the scale would change. That would be like changing the definition of the mile just because our modes of transport got faster.Likewise, the HERS rater industry in Canada is just getting going and could adopt a different HERS Reference Home. If they want to be able to compare their homes’ HERS Indices to ours in the US, however, they need to keep the same definition of the HERS Reference Home. Otherwise it’s apples and oranges, and CRESNET’s Cross-Border Challenge would be difficult to judge. RELATED ARTICLES How Is a Home’s HERS Index Calculated? Why Is the HERS Reference Home Based on an Outdated Energy Code? Study Finds Huge Variation in California HERS Rating ResultsThe 2015 IECC Recognizes Home Energy RatingsEnergy Modeling Isn’t Very Accurate The basicsHere are the fundamental ideas behind the HERS Index:It’s a linear scale, with 100 meaning the rated home has the same energy use as the HERS Reference Home.The HERS Reference Home is based on definitions in the HERS Standards, with some specifications based on the 2004/2006 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC).The HERS Index includes the energy consumption from heating, cooling, water heating, lights, and some appliances.Each one-point change on the HERS Index scale represents a 1% change in energy efficiency.A HERS Index of 0 means the home has net zero energy use. That is, the home produces as much energy as it uses.The second image below shows the scale for a home with a HERS Index of 65, which would be 35% more efficient than the Reference Home. SummaryThat’s it. A HERS Index is a number that compares how a given home’s energy use to a reference point, which is the HERS Reference Home. Numerically, it’s like golf scores – the lower the number, the better. I’ve seen scores above 200 for really bad houses and a low score of -2 for a net-zero energy home in Tennessee.The equations above show how to calculate it. As they always say, though, the devil’s in the details, so if your intention is to write software to be used as an accredited HERS rating tool, you’ll need to spend a lot of time poring over the HERS Standards. If you’re just looking for the overview with some detail about what goes into calculating a HERS Index, I hope this article gave you what you needed. If not, check out the links below or leave a comment here. The HERS Index equationIf the basic info above isn’t sufficient for you, the HERS Standards would be the ultimate place to go for more details. That’s where the whole process is defined. For example, if you wanted to see the actual equation used to calculate the HERS Index, you could go to page 3-4 in chapter 3. To save you the effort, I’ve pasted a copy of the equation directly from the HERS Standards below (third image).Yes, it’s ugly, ugly, ugly! You could spend a while sorting through all the horribly-named variables, but, since you’re reading this article, you can skip right over that bit of ugliness above (have I mentioned how ugly it is?!) and get the idea behind it from my simplified version of the equation, shown right after RESNET’s version (fourth image).Much better, right? The E stands for energy consumption, WH stands for water heating, and LA stands for lights & (some) appliances. PEfrac needs a separate explanation, which I’ll give you shortly. To be fair, though, there’s still a lot hidden in both versions of the equation you see above. Calculating those four individual components (heating, cooling, water heating, and lights & appliances) involves a whole lot of definitions, specifications, assumptions, and yet more equations. Chapter 3 of the HERS Standards, which contains the technical standards for HERS ratings, is 44 pages long and is constantly being updated, revised, and amended.The HERS Index equation basically compares the energy use of the rated home to the energy use of the HERS Reference Home. If the total of those four components is the same for both the rated and Reference homes, the fraction part of the equation equals 1. Then you multiply it by 100 to get a HERS Index of 100 in that case (assuming PEfrac = 1 for now). If the rated home’s energy use is half of the Reference Home’s energy use, the HERS Index would be 50. If the rated home uses twice as much as the Reference Home, the Index would be 200.Now, what about the PEfrac part? First, the PE stands for ‘Purchased Energy,’ so that gives you some idea of what it does. It’s a multiplier that can reduce the HERS Index for homes that produce some or all of the energy they use over the course of a year. You can see the equation for PEfrac in the fifth image below, again simplified from the HERS Standards to make it more understandable.If a home has no on-site power production (Eproduced = 0), the fraction is just 1 and it has no effect on the HERS Index. If the rated home produces an amount of energy equal to half of what it uses (Eproduced = 0.5 x Eused), PEfrac = 0.5 and it cuts the HERS Index in half. If the rated home produces the same amount of energy over the course of a year as it uses (Eproduced = Eused), PEfrac = 0 and the HERS Index is also 0. That is, it would be a net-zero energy home. If the home produces more energy than it uses (Eproduced > Eused), PEfrac will be negative, and so will the HERS Index. Allison Bailes of Decatur, Georgia, is a RESNET-accredited energy consultant, trainer, and the author of the Energy Vanguard blog.
Fading AwayPranab Mukherjee’s humility and modesty is worth appreciating (“The Last Leg”, October 25), but there is deep sarcasm and agony in his replies. He has always been the second-best option for the top post. Loyal and most trusted, he has been used to safeguard the interests of the Congress,Fading AwayPranab Mukherjee’s humility and modesty is worth appreciating (“The Last Leg”, October 25), but there is deep sarcasm and agony in his replies. He has always been the second-best option for the top post. Loyal and most trusted, he has been used to safeguard the interests of the Congress and the UPA Governments. His endeavours have often gone unnoticed and unrewarded. He will always be remembered for his deftness in handling tricky situations and difficult allies, and to say the least, for the smooth functioning of consecutive Congress governments at the Centre.- G.M. Rama Rao, VisakhapatnamPolitical acumen, sagacity, simplicity, reliability and wisdom have made Pranab Mukherjee different from his contemporaries, both within and outside the party. He can win over his adversaries with ease and this virtue came in handy for the party, making him indispensable and irreplaceable. In a career spanning more than four decades, his selfless service to the party is an example worth emulating by politicians across party lines.- E. Krishnadas, PalakkadDemocracy today is run by diktat. The Grand Old Party of India is a shining example. It has effortlessly managed a facade of democracy while internally, the show is run by one woman. In this form of “benign dictatorship”, competence and ability are redundant and it is one’s unflinching loyalty that counts. This unadulterated sycophancy is adequately rewarded too. Mrs Sonia Gandhi’s selection of Dr Manmohan Singh as a reluctant prime minister was based more on his docility. In Pranab Mukherjee, Sonia would have missed it all. He is not submissive enough to fulfil the eligibility criteria for the top job. – Nalinaksha Mutsuddi, Gautam Budh NagaradvertisementBias of FaithReservations on the Allahabad High Court’s judgment on Ayodhya dispute are understandable (“Quiet Anger on the Muslim Street”, October 18). This verdict is not so much a burden but the bias-ideological, political, electoral-of certain public figures is fuelling disenchantment and anger in the Muslim community. It is better if judicial findings are treated as strategic parameters and shorn of political predilections. – Bishan Sahai, LucknowHard FactsWhat is the best prescription for good health (“India’s Bone Crisis”, October 25)? While orthopaedics suggest a diet rich in protein and the need for maintaining body mass index above 20, cardiologists advocate a frugal diet for a minimum body weight. Dermatologists on the other hand are against over-exposure to sun for it may lead to premature ageing and skin cancer, while osteologists insist this is imperative for the body to produce Vitamin D which is essential for calcium absorption. One has to strike the right balance, with moderation being the key word to be healthy.- Nalini Vijayaraghavan, ThiruvananthapuramTricks of the TradeThe spectre of uncertainty hanging over the Karnataka Government was expected (“A Besieged Bastion”, October 18). The recent ministry shuffle opened a can of worms and it reduced the Yeddyurappa Government to minority. Power makes strange bedfellows. To save the Government, more dirty tactics will be implemented. Uncertainty will end only when a fresh mandate is sought. – DBN Murthy, BangaloreJolly Good ShowWith 71 nations, over 6,000 participants, thousands of foreign visitors, the spectacular show that India put up for the 19th Commonwealth Games was a testimony of our strength as a nation (“The Man With The Golden Run”, October 25). Having finished on a high note does not absolve those guilty of misdeed prior to the Games. These people tarnished India’s image and made us infamously famous across the world. A thorough probe must be conducted and the guilty punished. – Colonel R.D. Singh, AmbalaThe Games were a grand success, notwithstanding the negative publicity, charges of corruption, delays in execution, reports of terror strikes and a host of other hitches and glitches, all of which were laid to rest with our extravagant show. The medal rush at the Games has given a tremendous boost to India’s image as a sporting nation and will help the cause of sports. – R.J. Khurana, Hyderabad
Brazil will take on Chile in the first tie of the FIFA World Cup, Round of 16 stage on Saturday There’s no denying it, the thought of sudden World Cup elimination is on the minds of Luiz Felipe Scolari and his Brazil squad.The veteran coach wants to assure the people of the host nation, though, that nerves are nothing to be worried about.”It’s normal to feel uncomfortable and anxious ahead of this first elimination game,” Scolari said Friday, on the eve of Brazil’s second-round match against Chile. “We are a bit more scared and nervous.”It’s normal in any competition, not only because this one is in Brazil. We know we can’t make mistakes, we can’t lose.”A win over Chile at the Mineirao Stadium will keep Brazil on track for its sixth World Cup title, while a loss would be considered a massive failure in a country which has invested billions to stage the tournament.Scolari said there’s a chance that Chile plays better than Brazil and eliminates the hosts, which shouldn’t be considered the end of the world if it happens.”We have been doing our job with a lot of dedication, but we have to understand that if they are better than we are in the game and they win, we can’t lower our heads, end our lives and throw ourselves into a well,” he said.Brazil has reached the quarterfinals of the World Cup every time since 1994. Its last elimination in the second round was against Argentina in 1990.advertisementThe Brazilians haven’t lost to Chile since a World Cup qualifier in 2000, and have never lost a head-to-head with the Chileans on home soil. Since 2000, Brazil has won 10 of 12 matches against the Chileans. The teams have met three times in World Cups, with Brazil winning 4-2 in the semifinals of the 1962 tournament in Chile, then 4-1 in the second round in 1998 and 3-0 at the same stage in 2010.”Statistics don’t mean anything to us,” Brazil captain Thiago Silva said. “We have to remember that in the other side there is a team with the same dreams that we do. So if we can’t advance, life must go on.”Scolari hinted that he will change the team’s midfield for the match, replacing defensive midfielder Paulinho with Fernandinho, who played well as a second-half substitute in the 4-1 win against Cameroon. The Manchester City player, a late addition to the World Cup squad, scored a goal and helped set up another.It remained unclear if defender David Luiz would be fit to play after leaving Thursday’s practice because of a back problem. The Brazilian federation said he participated in part of the team’s training session on Friday, and an MRI scan didn’t show any serious injury. The federation said he would remain undergoing treatment until shortly before the match.Brazil has four players going into Saturday’s match with a yellow card, including Silva, striker Neymar and defensive midfielder Luiz Gustavo. Another yellow against Chile will sideline them from the quarterfinals if Brazil advances.
DefinitionA pelvis x-ray is a picture of the bonesaround both the hips. The pelvis connects the legs to the body.Alternative NamesX-ray – pelvisHow the Test is PerformedThe test isdone in a radiology department or in the health care providers office by an x-ray technician.You will lie down on the table. The pictures are then taken. You will change your body to other positions to provide different views.How to Prepare for the TestTellthe health care provider if you are pregnant. Remove all jewelry. You will wear a hospital gown.How the Test will FeelThe x-rays are painless. Changing position may cause discomfort.Why the Test is PerformedThe x-ray is used to look for:FracturesTumorsDegenerative conditions of bones in the hips, pelvis, and upper legsWhat Abnormal Results MeanAbnormal results may suggest:Pelvic fracturesArthritis of the hip jointTumors of the bones of the pelvisSacroiliitis (inflammation of the area where the sacrum joins the ilium bone)Ankylosing spondylitis (abnormal stiffness of the spine and joint)RisksThere is low radiation exposure. However, pregnant women and children are more sensitive to the risks of x-rays.ReferencesRogers LF, Taljanovic MS, Boles CA. Skeletal trauma. In: Grainger RC, Allison D, Adam, Dixon AK, eds. Grainger & Allisons Diagnostic Radiology. 5th ed. New York, NY: Churchill Livingstone; 2008:chap 46.Shah A, Busconi B. Hip, pelvis, and thigh: Hip and pelvis. In: DeLee JC, Drez D Jr, Miller MD, eds. DeLee and Drez’s Orthopaedic Sports Medicine. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders Elsevier; 2009:chap 21, section A.advertisementReview Date:4/16/2013Reviewed By:C. Benjamin Ma, MD, Assistant Professor, Chief, Sports Medicine and Shoulder Service, UCSF Department of Orthopaedic Surgery. Also reviewed by A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc., Editorial Team: David Zieve, MD, MHA, Bethanne Black, Stephanie Slon, and Nissi Wang.